The Wars of the Roses: 12

Virtual classroom

The role of propaganda

Based on the sources on the previous pages this is how you may interpret the question related to the role of propaganda:

  • Definitely true No. There is plenty of evidence of the importance of propaganda in the fifteenth century: every source in this section represents a form of propaganda, and there were many others. It is also reasonable to infer that propaganda was presumably thought to be effective, since so much attention was paid to producing it. However, there is no evidence in these sources to show that it was the factor that decided which side people supported.
  • Probably true No. There is no evidence in these sources to support the proposition, although it is reasonable to infer that those who produced propaganda thought that it would have some effect.
  • Possibly true No. That is not to say that it is impossible, but rather that it is not shown in the evidence here. It is possible that some people decided on this basis, but there is no evidence – and certainly none here – that it was the main factor.
  • Definitely untrue No. There is no evidence to support this judgement.
  • Not shown by the evidence Yes. It is not impossible that some people were influenced by propaganda, but it is not shown in the evidence offered here.


J c) Edward IV was a more able king than either Henry VI or Richard III.

  • Definitely true;
  • Probably true;
  • Possibly true;
  • Definitely untrue;
  • Not shown by the evidence.