Empire’s Legacy: the Transformations of Roman Italy, 350 BC to AD 300

Course Material 2024/25
Roman Artifact


It is fairly common for studies of (Roman) imperialism to concentrate their attention on its relative consequences on newly-acquired provinces or peripheral regions. However, the impact of empire on the centre may be as great, if not greater, especially as peripheries develop from a political and military land of conquest into an integrated and ‘global’ empire. A case in point is Roman Italy between 300 BC and AD 300: those six centuries saw the Italian people being (reluctantly) brought together under Roman hegemony, supplying Rome’s imperial ambitions with soldiers and resources, eventually achieving a position of unique privilege within the empire, only to lose it – somewhat ironically – once that same empire had fully matured.As conquerors became emperors, the people of Italy became just a part of a wider empire. 

This is paper D4 of Part II of the Classical Tripos.


Section notice

This material is intended for current students but will be interesting to prospective students. It is indicative only.