The Divine Right of Kings: 10

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Interestingly, the five arguments are secular in form, for they do not, as expressed here, refer to Scripture. (However, enemies of absolute monarchical power certainly did appeal to Scripture.) Some of the arguments appeal to law-like propositions: the contractual nature of government ('mutual compact'). Some to 'natural law': that all human beings are naturally equal, so that legitimate government must arise from the consent of all. And some to historical arguments about the special and ancient nature of the English constitution: that it is made up of three equal elements, king, lords, and commons.


3. Why is 'birthright' and 'succession' so important in this document?