Dr Pedro Ramos Pinto

Associate Professor in International Economic History
Fellow of Trinity Hall


** I am on sabbatical research leave during the academic year 2023-2024 - but if you are considering applying for 24-25, do not hesitate to contact me **

I joined the Faculty in 2013, after five years at the University of Manchester, where I was Simon Research Fellow in History (2008-2010) and Lecturer in International History (2011-2013). I read history at Cambridge, where I also took my M.Phil (Economic and Social History) and PhD.

In my current work I am interested in understanding how contemporary inequalities are shaped by the past, bringing a more long-term view to explain how and why societies distribute resources, opportunities and capabilities. As part of this, I direct a  research network on the topic of Inequality and History, which was started by an AHRC grant. Most recently I worked with Dr. Poornima Paidipaty on the history of the measurement of inequality, supported by a grant from the Philomathia Trust.

Since 2018, I am Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Inequalities Institute at the London School of Economics.

I am also interested in the history and political economy of welfare. One aspect of this concerns the creation, evolution and implications of authoritarian welfare regimes in Southern Europe and Latin America. This has evolved from earlier work which explored the interaction between the Portuguese Dictatorship and its citizens to explain the emergence of social movements of the urban poor during the Carnation Revolution (1974-1976), a theme which is explored in my book Lisbon Rising (2013).

In addition, I continue to have an interest on the study of social movements and protest, both in historical and in contemporary perspective and, together with colleagues at the New University of Lisbon and the University of Coimbra, convene an international on-line seminar on Global Histories of the Portuguese Revolution, 1974-1975.

I supervise research students at M.Phil and PhD levels across a number of topics - I particularly welcome applicants interested in exploring aspects of contemporary social and economic history in Europe and beyond, including on topics of social movements, inequality, authoritarianism and social citizenship.

Part I:

Paper 18 'European History Since 1890'

Economics for Historians

M.Phil in Economic and Social History

Central Concepts in Economic and Social History

Inequality: A Global History (Option Paper)

PhD Supervision:

António Rolo Duarte, Nation, space, and the Portuguese intelligentsia, 1960-1990

Paco Ruzzante, The Beveridge Report and the Southern European Welfare Model, 1942-1986

Giulio Zorini, Religion of war and Nazification of fascism during the Repubblica Sociale Italiana (1943 - 1945), co-supervised with Prof. Robert Gordon


Roseanna Webster, Urban Change, Sexual Politics and Women’s Activism in Spain, 1958-1982, co-supervised with Dr. Lucy Delap (PhD Awarded 2021)

Tiago Carvalho Dynamics of Citizenship and Protest in Times of Austerity: Portugal and Spain in Comparative Perspective (2008-2014), Co-supervised with Dr. T.J. Miley, Dep. of Sociology, Cambridge. (PhD Awarded 2019)

Niccolò Serri, From Conflict to Welfare: Wage Integration Schemes and the Italian Labour Movement 1968-1987. (Phd Awarded 2019)

Nathaniel Kunkeler Myth and Respectability in Swedish and Dutch Fascism, 1931-1940, co-supervised with Prof. John Pollard (University of Cambridge, PhD Awarded 2018)

Patrick Doyle (ESRC +3) ‘Better Farming, Better Business, Better Living’: The Co-operative Movement and the Development of the State in Ireland, 1894-1932 (University of Manchester, PhD Awarded 2014).

Rosy Rickett (ESRC 3+1) Refugees of the Spanish Civil War and those they left behind: personal testimonies of departure, separation and return since 1936 (University of Manchester, PhD Awarded 2014)


Tags & Themes


Trinity Hall
Cambridge CB2 1TJ

Office Phone: 01223746619


Key Publications


Lisbon Rising: Urban Social Movements in the Portuguese Revolution, 1974-1975, Manchester University Pres, 2013

Edited Books:

Massimo Asta and Pedro Ramos Pinto (eds.) The Value of Work since the 18th Century: Custom, Conflict, Measurement and Theory (2022)

Peter Sloman, Daniel Zamora Vargas and Pedro Ramos Pinto (eds.) Universal Basic Income in Historical Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan (2021)

Pedro Ramos Pinto and Bertrand Taithe (eds.) The Impact of History: histories at the beginning of the 21st Century. Routledge (2015)


"Social change, protest and participation in Greece, Portugal and Spain", co-authored with Nikos Papadogiannis, in Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez , 53 (1): 69-97, (2023).

"Revisiting the 'Great Levelling': the Limits of Piketty's Capital and Ideology for understanding the rise of late 20th Century Inequality", co-authored with Poornima Paidipaty, British Journal of Sociology, 72 (1): 52-68. (2021)

"Measuring Matters" co-authored with Poornima Paidipaty, introduction to special issue on the history of the measurement of inequality, History of Political Economy, 52 (3): 413–434 (2020).

"'Mild Mannered'? Protest and Mobilisation in Portugal under Austerity, 2010–2013", co-authored with Guya AccorneroWest European Politics, 38 (2), 491-515 (2015)

Housing and Citizenship: building social rights in 20th Century Portugal’, Contemporary European History, 18 (2), 199-215 (2009).

Urban Social Movements and the Transition to Democracy in Portugal, 1974-1976’ The Historical Journal, 51 (4), 1025-1046 (2008).


Book Chapters:

A Fascist Social Justice? Equity and order in south European corporatism’ in Martin Conway and Camilo Erlichman (eds.) Social Justice in Twentieth Century Century Europe. Cambridge University Press (2024)

The Symbolism of the Street in Portuguese Contention,” Co-authored with Guya Accornero and Tiago Carvalho, in Benjamin Abrams and Peter Gardner (eds.) Symbolic Objects in Contentious Politics, University of Michigan Press (2023)

"Movements at the border: conflict and protest in Portugal" co-authored with Guya Accornero, in Jorge M. Fernandes, Pedro Magalhes and António Costa Pinto (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Portuguese Politics (2022)

"Politics in Austerity: strategic interactions between social movements and institutional actors in Portugal, 2010-2015" co-authored with Guya Accornero, in M. Lisi, A. Freire, and E. Tsatsanis (eds.) Political Representation and Citizenship in Portugal: Crisis and Renewal (2020).

"Inequality by Numbers: The Making of a Global Political Issue?" in Christian O. Christiansen and Steven L. B. Jensen (eds.) Histories of Global Inequality: New Perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan 2019).

"From the 'unfinished revolution' to the 'defence of the revolution': framing the transition in austerity-era Portugal" co-authored with Tiago Carvalho, in M. E. Cavallaro and K. Kornetis (eds.) Rethinking Democratisation in Spain, Greece and Portugal (Routledge, 2019).

"The Estado Novo and the making of Portugal’s Unequal Modernityin Francisco Bethencourt (ed.) Inequality in the Portuguese-Speaking World: Global and Historical Perspectives, Sussex University Press, 2018

“‘Onde estavas tu no 25 de Abril, pá?’: Revolucionários, movimentos sociais e cidadania quotidiana” in José Neves (ed.) Quem Faz a História? Ensaios sobre Portugal Contemporâneo, Edições Tinta-da-China. 2016.

‘Everyday Citizenship under Authoritarianism: the cases of Spain and Portugal’, in Francesco Cavatorta (ed.) Civil Society Activism under Authoritarian Rule: A Comparative Perspective. Routledge/ECPR Series in European Political Science, 2012.

Social Capital as a capacity for Collective Action’, in Assessing social capital: concept, policy, practice. Edited by Rosalind Edwards, Jane Franklin and Janet Holland. Cambridge, Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007.

Other Publications

'The Inequality Debate' in Items: Insights from the Social Sciences, SSRC Digital Magazine, 20 September 2016.

'History Manifested: A Commentary on continuity, disruption and the production of history', European Review of History: Revue européenne d'histoire, 22:5 (2015): 835-838 - a commentary Zoltán Boldizsár Simon's article in the same issue.

'Authoritarianism and Globalization in Historical Perspective', APSA-Comparative Democratization Newsletter, Vol.13, No.2, 2015.

How does Inequality Matter?’ in Rémi Genevey, Rajendra K. Pachauri, Laurence Tubiana (eds.)Reducing Inequalities: A Sustainable Development Challenge, TERI Press, New Delhi, 2013.

With Mónica Brito Vieira, ‘The New Politics of Welfare Reform’; co-authored introduction, ‘Understanding the New Politics of Welfare Reform’ Political Studies, 61 (3), 474-479, 2013

Review of Gerd-Rainer Horn’s ‘The Spirit of ’68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956-1976’, The Historical Journal 51 (1), 2008.

Interview: ‘Os trilhos da ciência política portuguesa: uma conversa com David Goldey.’ Análise Social XLVI, no. 200 (2011)

With Ichiro Kawachi, Adam Coutts and Ben Cave, Social capital indicators in the UK, report commissioned and published by the Commission for Racial Equality, 2007.