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Gibbon: The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: What happens in this passage

Whether because of geographical and strategic reasons or from a desire to seize its (non-existent) pearl fisheries, the Romans decided to invade Britain. This departed from, but did not dismantle, the precept laid down by Augustus not to extend the continental Roman Empire. The Britons showed great bravery in their resistance but they were no match for the Roman generals, who were often better men than the emperors who sent them. The great Roman general Agricola extended Roman rule into Scotland and contemplated the conquest of Ireland.

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