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‘Late Development’: the uneven spread of industrialization in Asia, Africa and Latin America’

‘Late Development’: the uneven spread of industrialization in Asia, Africa and Latin America’

Prof. Gareth Austin

The incomplete process of global industrialization continues to transform the world. We examine the history of industrial growth and industrialization beyond the West, focussing on the debates about how far, and why, ‘late’ industrializations have differed from the original industrial revolution and from Western models generally, notably in the role of the state, the organization of production, and the relative preference for capital and labour-intensive technologies respectively. We focus on the economic strategies and changes in their domestic and international political contexts, and (more briefly) discuss the social and cultural dimensions. Not least, we consider the interactions of economies with their physical environments. While the weekly seminars will be framed comparatively, students may focus on individual regions or countries for their essays. The overall aim is to enable students to acquire a critical understanding of the key concepts, empirical methods, and evidence adduced in the debates on this theme.

Outline of seminars:

1

Concepts of ‘late’ Economic Development

2

The Industrial Revolution and ‘Great Divergence’: Their Implications for Subsequent Development

3

Manufacturing Growth and the ‘Imperialism of Free Trade’, c.1850-1914

4

Industrialization and ‘De-Globalization’, 1914-45

5

State-Led Economic Development, 1945-c1980

6

Industrialization and Economic Liberalisation, c1980-Present

7

‘The Great Convergence’ amid the ‘Anthropocene’?

8

Connections, Comparisons and Conclusions

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