Dr Timothy J Schmalz

PhD in Modern European History

My PhD, 'Anglo-Austrian Diplomatic Backchannels from the Juliputsch to the Anschluss, 1934-38' is ultimately a cultural history of the personal and professional relationships between British diplomats and their counterparts in Austrian government during a period of increasing Nazi aggression. Culminating with the German annexation of Austria in March 1938, it investigates how these individuals deployed strategies, mobilised networks, and navigated conflicts of conscience in deciding whether to follow the government line (e.g., British appeasement) or to work for Austria's cause—a cultural history of how diplomats behave in a time of crisis.

Supervisors: Dr Helen Roche and Prof Brendan Simms

Previously, my MPhil here at Cambridge explored the anxieties and decision-making processes of SS Ahnenerbe bureaucrats and publishers as they constructed visual propaganda designed for the home in the form of the annual SS Kalender—a type of 'company calendar' that showcased the various arms of the SS at work in the field and intended for wider public consumption.

From 2012-13, I was a Fulbright Student affiliated with the Department of Contemporary History at the University of Salzburg where I worked on a project about memorialisation and the Holocaust, and proceeded to earn an MA in German and European Studies from Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service before coming to Cambridge.

Co-convenor, Intelligence Seminar, 2020-Present
Co-convenor, Modern European History Research Seminar, 2018-2020
Co-convenor, Modern European History Workshop, 2016-2019
Graduate Digital Communications Coordinator (Modern European History Subject Group), 2018-2020

History of Interwar Austria and Germany | Cultural History of Diplomacy | Anglo-Austrian Relations | Third Reich | Nazi propaganda, consumer media, and racial policy | Refugee Scholars fleeing the Third Reich

- Lecturer, Paper 18 - European History from 1890, Part I of the Historical Tripos
- Supervisor, Paper 18 - European History from 1890, Part IA of the Historical Tripos
- Lecturer, Comparative Fascism(s): Theory and Practice - Austria - MPhil in Modern European History

Research Supervision
- Supervisor, History and MML (German) Year Abroad Project on German public debates over contemporary Holocaust film, 2020-2021


Tags & Themes


Sidney Sussex College

Cambridge CB2 3HU


Key publications

Key Publications

- 'Collective Memory, Identity, and Cross-cultural Conversations' in A Cultural History of Historiography in the Modern Age, 1920-Present, edited by Jason McDonald and Torbjörn Wandel. London: Bloomsbury, forthcoming 2023.

- Co-Editor, special issue of Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, on ‘Fascist and National Socialist Antiquities and Materialities’, with Helen Roche and Flaminia Bartolini, 8, no. 2 (December 2019).

- 'Introduction', special issue of Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, on 'Fascist and National Socialist Antiquities and Materialities', with Helen Roche and Flaminia Bartolini, 8, no. 2 (December 2019): 121-126.

Other Publications

Books Reviews

- Review of Gundolf Graml, Revisiting Austria: Tourism, Space, and National Identity, 1945 to the Present. Oxford, 2020 in Journal of Contemporary History (forthcoming, 2021).

- Review of Seth Jacobs, Rogue Diplomats: The Proud Tradition of Disobedience in American Foreign Policy. Cambridge, 2020 in Diplomacy and Statecraft (submitted, 2021).

- Review of Stefan Karner and Peter Ruggenthaler, eds., 1938: Der ‘Anschluss’ im internationalen Kontext. Graz, 2020 in German History (in press, 2021).

- Review of Tim Bouverie, Appeasing Hitler: Chamberlain, Churchill and the Road to War. London, 2019 in Twentieth Century British History, April 2020: 583-585.

- Review of Erin R. Hochman, Imagining a Greater Germany: Republican Nationalism and the Idea of Anschluss. Ithaca, 2016 for Reviews in History, December 2017.

Blog Post

- 'From Anschluss to VE-Day 2020: Britain's Changing Attitudes Towards Austria', International History: The Blog of the LSE's Department of International History, 20 May 2020.

Conference Report

- ‘Nature Protection, Environmental Policy, and Social Movements in Communist and Capitalist Countries during the Cold War’, with Natalie Smith, Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, 56, (Fall 2015).