Maroon Nation: A History of Revolutionary Haiti

Haiti is widely recognized as the only state born out of a successful slave revolt, but the country’s early history remains scarcely understood. In this deeply researched volume, Gonzalez weaves a history of early independent Haiti focused on crop production, land reform, and the unauthorized rural settlements devised by former slaves of the colonial plantation system. Analyzing the country’s turbulent transition from the most profitable and exploitative slave colony of the eighteenth century to a relatively free society of small farmers, Gonzalez narrates the origins of institutions such as informal open-air marketplaces and rural agrarian compounds known as lakou. Drawing on hitherto unexplored primary sources to contribute to a growing body of early Haitian scholarship, he argues that Haiti’s legacy of runaway communities and land conflict was as formative as the revolutionary wars in developing the country’s characteristic agrarian, mercantile, and religious institutions.

Page credits & information

Gonzalez, Johnhenry. Maroon Nation : A History of Revolutionary Haiti. Yale University Press, 2019