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Tobias Lunde

Tobias Lunde

PhD Candidate in Economic History

Member of the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure


I am a PhD candidate in history at Fitzwilliam College. Prior to this, I studied economics for both my MA at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (2012-16), and MSc at the University of Edinburgh (2016-17). 

Within economics I focused on econometrics, research design and the identification of causal effects, looking at what theoretical and statistical results can (and cannot) tell us about the state of the world and how we got here, focusing on questions relating to inequality between people and regions, long-term trends in economic development and the causes of economic change. Somewhat accidentally I got involved as a research assistant on a project using the Statistical Accounts of Scotland to study the Scottish Industrial Revolution, and quickly realised that history was very well suited for me to continue asking such questions.

Research Interests

My research focuses on the Scottish Industrial Revolution which I approach from a quantitative perspective using econometrics and spatial analysis. Unlike England and Wales, there is a distinct lack of quantitative studies of Scotland's transformation from a largely agrarian society to an industrialised economy and a global leader in textiles, heavy manufacturing and shipbuilding. My master’s thesis found there to be significant and changing interactions and dependencies between towns and cities across Scotland during the period, suggesting that the industrial revolution was a regional phenomena affecting different partis of the economy very differently.

I will be expanding upon this research in my PhDby studying the industrial revolution in Scotland and the period surrounding it, c.1750-1900, using individual-level census data, records of vital statistics, price and wage data, and text-mining literary sources such as the Statistical Accounts of Scotland. I intend to analyse this data using a spatial econometrics approach, I hope to learn more about the chronology, causes and consequences of Scotland’s industrial revolution. I am particularly interested in whether the Scottish experience was distinct from the English and how appropriate it is to speak of a British industrial revolution.


  • Economic, Social History
  • British social history c.1600-1850
  • Modern British History