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Professor Rosamond Deborah McKitterick FRHistS,FRSA

Professor Rosamond Deborah McKitterick, FRHistS,FRSA

Professor of Medieval History and Director of Research, Faculty of History

Rosamond McKitterick is available for consultancy.

Sidney Sussex College
Cambridge CB2 3HU
Office Phone: 01223 3 38800


Laureate, Dr A.H. Heineken International prize for History, 2010

Departments and Institutes

Sidney Sussex College:

Research Interests

The history of Europe in the early middle ages, with particular interests in the Frankish kingdoms in the eighth and ninth centuries, early medieval Rome,  and palaeography and manuscript studies.

Research Supervision

All parts of Continental western Europe, fifth to tenth centuries on political, religious, cultural, social,and  intellectual  themes.


Continental Europe, fifth to tenth centuries, especially the Carolingian period. 

Other Professional Activities

Chair, Faculty of History, Archaeology and Letters, British School at Rome

Key Publications

24thSeptember 2015



  1. The Frankish Church and the Carolingian Reforms 789-895, Royal Historical Society, Studies in History (London, 1977) (reprinted, 1979 -now out of print)pp. 236.
  2. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751-987 (Longman: London, 1983; third impression January,1990; from 2004, digital print on demand 2004; Polish translation Królestwa Karolingow.Wladza – konflikty – kultura 751-987, trasn. Bartosz Hlebowicw and Mateusz Wilk (Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Pwn, 2011).pp. 414.
  3. The Carolingians and the Written Word (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)hardback and 'Cambridge Paperback Library'; second impression: November 1990; third impression 1995); selected by the American Council of Learned Societies for its History E-book Programme 2001pp. 290.
  4. Books, scribes and learning in the Frankish kingdoms, sixth to ninth centuries, 13papers,Variorum Collected Studies Series (Aldershot : Ashgate,1994 ) pp. 310.
  5. Frankish kings and culture in the early middle ages, 14 papers, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Aldershot: Ashgate , 1995) pp. 313.
  6.  (pamphlet) Anglo-Saxon missionaries in Germany: personal connections and local influences. The Eighth Annual Brixworth Lecture, Vaughan Paper No. 36 (Leicester, 1991) pp. 40.
  7. History and its audiences (Inaugural lecture) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)pp. 73.
  8. History and memory in the Carolingian world (Cambridge University Press, 2004) 347 pp. French translation by C. Siegel and I. Deswarte : Histoire et memoire dans le monde carolingien (Turnhout: Brepols, 2009) pp. 393
  9. Perceptions of the past in the early middle ages, Robert Conway Lectures, University of Notre Dame 2004 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006), pp. 154.
  10. Karl der Große. Gestalten des Mittelalters und der Renaissance. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft and Primus Verlag (two imprints), 2008 , pp. 472, and English version, Charlemagne: the formation of a European identity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 460.
  11.  (with Erik Kwakkel and Rodney Thomson) Turning over a new leaf: Change anddevelopment in the medieval manuscript, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Culture (Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2012),  pp. 224 (jointly authored book: my section entitled ‘Glossaries and other innovations in Carolingian book production, pp. 21-78 and plates 1-20:

Books edited

12. Ireland in Mediaeval Europe. Studies in memory of Kathleen Hughes. Ed. with Dorothy Whitelock and David Dumville (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982)pp. 406.
13. The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990) (reissued in paperback, April,1992; third impression 1998)selected by the American Council of Learned Societies for its History E-book Programme 2002 pp. 345
14. Lasting Letters: An inscription for the abbots of St Albans (with Lida Lopes Cardozo) (Cambridge: Kindersley Cardozo 1992) pp. 96 (hardback and paperback).
15. Carolingian Culture: emulation and innovation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993) pp. 334 (hardback and paperback); second impression 1997.
16. The New Cambridge Medieval History II: 700-900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)  pp. 1100; second impression 1997. Chinese and Arabic translations in preparation.
 (with Roland Quinault),  Edward Gibbon and Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996) Paperback (2002)pp. 341
17. The Short Oxford History of Europe: The Early Middle Ages. Europe 400­1000 (the six contributors are C.Wickham, J.Shepard, M. de Jong, J.-P. Devroey, I.Wood and myself)  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001)Spanish translation: La alta edad media trans. Lourdes Soriano Robles (Barcelona: Critica, 2002)Polish translation: Wczesne Sredniowiecze trans Zibigniew Dalewski (Warsaw: Swiat Ksizki, 2010)
18. The Times Atlas of the Medieval World (Harper Collins) (London, 2003) and Oxford University Press New York, 2004.
19. (with François Bougard and Régine Le Jan), La culture des elites au haut moyen âge,Collection haut moyen âge (Brepols: Turnhout, 2009)
20. (with Irene van Renswoude, Matthew Gillis and Richard Corradini), Ego trouble:Authors and their identities in the early middle ages, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters Denkschriften des Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna 2010).
21. (with Claudia Bolgia and John Osborne), Rome across time and space c. 500-c.1400: cultural transmission and exchange of ideas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011); paperback 2014
22. (with J. Osborne, C. Richardson and J. Story), Old St Peter’s. Papers of the British School at Rome, Monograph Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013); second printing 2014.
23. Special Themed Edition as Guest Editor of Early Medieval Europe 22 Nunber 4 (2014), 387-05, on theme of being Roman after Rome.
24. (with C. Gantner and S. Meeder, The resources of the past in early medieval Europe 400-1000 (Cambridge, 2015)

Medieval Manuscript Catalogues compiled

25. Catalogue of the Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge IV.Music, Mapsand Calligraphy, with J.Stevens, S.Tyacke and J.Whalley (Boydell and Brewer, Woodbridge, for Magdalene College, 1989)  pp. 1-12 (= 57 descriptions)
26. Catalogue of the Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge V.ManuscriptsPart I Mediaeval, with R.Beadle (Boydell and Brewer, Woodbridge for Magdalene College, 1992) pp. 125.


Cambridge Studies in Mediaeval Life and Thought 

General Editor (since September 2003, formerly one of the two Advisory Editors).

Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology

(General Editor with Albinia de la Mare, Professor of Palaeography in the University ofLondon to 1997; from 1998 -2003, General Editor with Dr Teresa Webber, University Lecturer in Palaeography, Cambridge.)

Member, Editorial Board, New Cambridge Mediaeval History

Member, advisory group, New Cambridge History of the Bible

British coordinator, Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi (Rome 1962-) since December 1992 (since 1996 on the Council). Project completed 2007.

Member, Editorial Board, Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy: publisher Brepols, Turnhout.


Early Medieval Europe (launched September 1992 by Longman; transferred by Addison Wesley Longman to Blackwell 1996) (Editor 1992-95; Coordinating Editor September 1995-December 1997; Corresponding Editor thereafter.)

Gazette du Livre Médiéval. (Member of the 'Collectif de rédaction') 1994-2004

Journal of Library History (member of Editorial Board) 2001-2009

Journal of Ecclesiastical History (member of Editorial Board) since 2002 Millennium (member, Editorial Board/ Beirat Mitglied) published by the Max Planck Institut für Rechtsgeschichte) since 2003

Francia (standing member for peer review (Published by the Deutsches Historisches Institut(Institut histoirque allemand), Paris since 2009

Quaerendo (member of Editorial Board) since 2012

Quaestiones Medii Aevi Novae (member of Advisor Board) since 2013

German History (member of Advisory Board) since 2014


Consultant Editor, Times Atlas of World History, 5th Edition (London, 1999 and revised5th edition 2004)

Consultant Editor, Times Atlas of European History, first and second editions (London 1996 and 1998


Those marked * have been reprinted in either Books, scribes and learning in the Frankish kingdoms, 6th to 9th centuries (1994) or Frankish kings and Culture in the early middle ages (1995)

A: Chapters in edited books

1. 'The training of the Frankish clergy in the ninth century: the episcopal statutes',
Proceedings of the Second International Conference of Comparative EcclesiasticalHistory (1975)reputedly still in the press!
*2.  'Some Carolingian law books and their function', in Authority and Power. Studies onMediaeval Law and Government presented to Walter Ullmann on his 70th birthday, ed.Peter Linehan and Brian Tierney (Cambridge, 1980), pp. 13-27.
*3. 'The scriptoria of Merovingian Gaul: a survey of the evidence' in Columbanus and Merovingian Monasticism ed. Howard Clarke and Mary Brennan, British Archaeological Reports, International Series 113 (Oxford, 1981), pp. 173-207.
*4.  'The palace school of Charles the Bald' in Charles the Bald: Court and Kingdom ed. Janet Nelson and Margaret Gibson , British Archaeological Reports International Series 101 (Oxford, 1981), pp. 384-400, second edition Variorum Reprints, Aldershot, 1990, pp.326-339.
*5.  'The Carolingian kings and the see of Rheims, 883-987', in Ideal and reality inFrankish and Anglo-Saxon Society, ed. Patrick Wormald and Donald Bullough with Roger Collins (Oxford, Blackwell, 1983), pp. 228-250.
*6.  'The Gospels of St Hubert', in Art at Auction, ed. Georgia Fogg (London: Sotheby's,1986), pp. 154-7.
*7.  'A Frankish aristocratic family of the tenth century: the descent of the Tracys fromCharlemagne', in The Sudeleys: Lords of Toddington ed. Robert Smith, Manorial Society of Great Britain, London, 1987), pp. 21-33.
 8.   'François Louis Ganshof', in the Dictionary of Historians, ed. J.Cannon, R.H.C.Davis,W.Doyle and J.P.Greene (Oxford, Blackwell, 1988), p. 148-9.
 9.   'Jean-François Lemarignier' in ibid., p. 242. 

*10.  'The diffusion of insular culture in Neustria between 650 and 850: the implications of the manuscript evidence' in La Neustrie. Les pays au nord de la Loire de 650 a 850 ed. Hartmut Atsma, Beihefte der Francia 16/II (Sigmaringen, 1989), pp. 395-432.

11. 'Manuscripts and scriptoria in the reign of Charles the Bald, 840-877', in Giovanni Scoto nel suo tempo. L'organizzazione del sapere in eta Carolingia, ed. E.Menesto andC.Leonardi, Atti del XXIV Convegno Storico Internazionale,  Todi, 11-14 ottobre 1987 (Spoleto, 1989), pp. 200-233.

*12.  'Text and image in the Frankish kingdoms under the Carolingians', in The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe , ed. R.McKitterick (Cambridge, 1990), pp. 297-318

13 &14.  'The uses of literacy in early mediaeval Europe' , ibid. pp. 1-10;  and 'Conclusion'. ibid., pp. 319-333.

*15.  'Frankish uncial in the eighth century: a new context for the work of the Echternach scriptorium', in Willibrord, zijn wereld en zijn werk ed., P.Bange and A.Weiler (Nijmegen, 1990), pp. 350-364.

*16.  'Latin and Romance: an historian's perspective', in Latin and the Romance Languages in the early middle ages ed.Roger Wright,(London, 1991), pp.130-45.

17. 'Literacy in Alemannia and the role of St Gall', in St Gall as a Centre of Culture, ed.Werner Vogler (Stuttgart and Zurich, 1991), pp. 217-26.                                                                                                                       

*18.  'Knowledge  of Plato'sTimaeus in the ninth century and the implications ofValenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale MS 293' in From Athens to Chartres. Neoplatonism and Medieval Thought. Studies in Honour of Edouard Jeauneau ed. HaijoJ.Westra (Leiden, 1992), pp. 85-95.  

19a. 'Frauen und Schriftlichkeit im Frühmittelalter', in Weibliche Lebensgestaltung im frühen Mittelalter, ed. H.-W. Goetz (Cologne and Vienna,1991), pp. 65-118. *19b. 'Women and literacy in the early middle ages' (Revised and enlarged English version of 19a) in R. McKitterick, Books, scribes and learning in the Frankish kingdoms, 6th -9th centuries (Aldershot, 1994) chapter XIII

20. 'Succession', in Lasting Letters, ed. Rosamond McKitterick and Lida Lopes Cardozo (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 31-57.

*21.  'Royal patronage of culture in the Frankish kingdoms under the Carolingians: motives and consequences', in Committenti e produzione artistico-letteraria nell'alto medioevo occidentale, Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo 39 (Spoleto, 1992), pp. 93-129.              

*22.  'Continuity and innovation in Tenth-Century Ottonian Culture', in Intellectual Life in the Middle Ages: Essays presented to Margaret Gibson, ed. Lesley Smith and Benedicta Ward (London, 1992), pp. 15-24.

*23.  'The written word and oral communication: Rome's legacy to the Franks', in Germania Latina ed. R.North and T.Hofstra (Groningen, 1992), pp. 87-110.

24. 'The writing of history' (with Matthew Innes) in Carolingian Culture: Emulationand Innovation ed. R.McKitterick (Cambridge University Press,  (1993) , pp. 193-220.

25. 'Script and book production', ibid., pp. 221-247.            

26. 'The Carolingian legacy', ibid., pp. 317-323.

27. 'Carolingian Bible production: the Tours' anomaly', in The Bible in the early middleages: production, decoration and use, ed. Richard Gameson, Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology 2 (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 63-77.

28. Texts for the Maps for 450, 526, 565, 732, 814, 910, 1003 in The Times Atlas of European History (London 1994) and revised edition (London, 1998). 

29. 'The audience for Latin historiography in the early middle ages: text transmission and manuscript dissemination', in Geschichtsschreibung im Frühmittelalter, ed. A. Scharer and G. Scheibelreiter (Vienna, 1994), pp. 96-114.                                                                                       

30. 'England and the Continent in the eighth and ninth centuries', chapter 2(c) in The New Cambridge Mediaeval History II: 700-900, ed. R.McKitterick (Cambridge, 1995), pp. 64-84.

31. 'The eighth-century background', chapter 26,  ibid. pp. 679-692.

32. 'Introduction' and 'Conclusion' ibid. pp. 3-17 and pp. 845-9.

33. 'Das Frankfurter Konzil von 794 im Kontext der Karolingische Renaissance', in Das Franfurter Konzil 794-1994, ed. J. Fried, R.Berndt and A.Kloft. (Frankfurt, 1996), pp. 617-35.

34. 'Gibbon and early medieval Europe in the eighteenth century', Edward Gibbon and Empire, ed. R. McKitterick and R.Quinault, Cambridge 1996, pp.  162-89.

35. 'The Historical Context: Carolingian wealth, faith and culture', in The Utrecht Psalter in Medieval Art, ed. K. van der Horst, W. Noel and H. Wusteman (Utrecht 1996), pp.1-21.

36. 32 entries for the Third Edition of the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed.E.Livingstone (Oxford, 1997) on the following (mostly revisions; some new):Arnulf of Metz;  Boniface of Mainz;  Bruno of Cologne;  Charles Martel; Charlemagne;   Clothilde; Clovis; Echternach; France, Christianity in; Gall, St; Hubert, St; Lambert, St; Leodegar, St; Louis I, the Pious; Lull; Lupus of Ferrières;  Notker Balbulus of St Gall; Notker of Liège;  Otto of Bamberg; Pippin II;  Pippin III;Remigius, St;  Rheims;  Stephen, St, of Hungary; Stephen II (Pope);  Stephen III (Pope); Walpurgis; Wazo; Willibald; Willibrord; Willihad.

37. Tours, 2. Centres of production, Manuscripts, in The Dictionary of Art ed. H.Brigstocke and J.Shoaf Turner (Macmillan, London, 1996).

38. Aachen, 2. centres of Production, Manuscripts,  ibid.

39. Philippe Lauer, ibid.

40. 'Perceptions of justice in the west, ss.IX and X', in  La Giustizia nell'alto medioevo II (secoli IX-XI), Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo 44 (Spoleto, 1997) , pp. 1075-1104.

41. 'Libraries, schools and the dissemination of texts', Routledge History of Philosophy(volume 3: The Middle Ages), ed. John Marenbon. (London, 1998; papaerback 2003), pp. 97-108.

42. 'Charlemagne and the western monarchical inheritance', in The Monarchy, ed. R.Smith (London, 1998), pp. 31-45.

43. 'Bischöfe und die handschriftliche Überlieferung des Rechts im zehnten Jahrhundert', in: Das fränkische Reich 750-1000. Herrschaft -Kirche -Mönchtum, Festschrift für Josef Semmler, ed. Dieter R. Bauer, R.Hiestand, B.Kasten, S. Lorenz (Sigmaringen, 1998), pp. 231-42.

44. (a) 'L'idéologie politique dans l'historiographie Carolingienne', in La royauté et lesélites laïques et ecclésiastiques dans l'Europe Carolingienne (du début du IXe sècle auxenvirons de 920, ed. R. le Jan, S. Lebecq and B. Judic (Lille, 1998), pp.59-70.
      (b)   revised version in English 'Political ideology in Carolingian historiography', in Y. Hen and M. Innes (eds.) The uses of the past in early medieval Europe (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 162-74

45. 'Ottonische Kultur', Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche ( Freiburg, 1998),cols 1229­-30.

46. Texts for Maps 'spreads' in The Times Atlas of World History, ed. Richard Overy(Times Books; Harper Collins, 5th (revised)  edition 1999), pp. 94-121.(Most 'spreads' include smaller maps and captions on subsidiary topics)

(i)    The barbarian settlements in western Europe

(ii)   The spread of Islam from AD 632

(iii)  The Jewish diaspora, AD 70-1800

(iv)  The rise of the Frankish kingdoms 482-814

(v)   The Magyars, Saracens and Vikings in Europe in the 9th and 10th centuries

(vi)   Northern and eastern Europe 900-1050

(vii)  Crusading in Europe, 11th-15th century

(viii) The Byzantine Empire, 610-1453

(ix)   The first Russian state, 882-1242

(x)    Germany and the papacy 962-1250

(xi)   Monarchy in Britain and France, 1154-1314

(xii)   Economic growth in Europe 950-1150

(xiii)  Cultural and intellectual developments in Europe, 500-1800 (this one not printed).

47. 'Schriftlichkeit im Spiegel der frühen Urkunden St. Gallens', in Das Kloster St Gallen im Mittelalter. Die kulturelle Blüte vom. 8. bis zum 12. Jahrhundert, ed. Peter Ochsenbein (Darmstadt, 1998), pp. 69-82.

48. 'Karolingische renovatio in Kunst und Wissenschaft: Einführung', in C. Stiegemann (ed.) 799 Kunst und Kultur der Karolingerzeit. Karl der Grosse und Papst Leo inPaderborn (Paderborn, 1999), II, pp. 668-685.

49. 'Les femmes, les arts et la culture en occident au ixe siècle', in Femmes et pouvoirsdes femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe-XIe siècles), ed. S Lebecq, A. Dierkens, R. Le Jan and J.-M. Sansterre, Centre  de recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest (Lille, 1999), pp. 149-162.

50. 'The pre-Gregorian church' , chapter 9 in The New Cambridge Medieval History III,900-1050, ed. Timothy Reuter, (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 130-161.

51. 'Books and sciences before print' in Books and the sciences in history, ed. NicholasJardine and Marina Frasca-Spada (Cambridge, 2000), pp.13-34.

52(a).  'Le scriptorium d'Echternach', in L'evangelisation du region entre Meuse etMoselle pendant la huitieme et neuvieme siecle, ed. M. Polfer (Luxembourg, 2000), pp. 387-403.

(b) enlarged version of this in German under the title 'Buch, Schrift, Urkunden und Schriftlichkeit in der Karolingerzeit', in Vom Nutzen des Schreibens. Soziales Gedächtnis,Herrschaft und Besitz, ed. W. Pohl and P. Herold (Wien, 2002), pp. 97-116.

53. (a) 'Introduction' in The Short Oxford History of Europe: The Early Middle Ages ,ed. R. McKitterick (Oxford, 2001), pp. 1-19.

(b)  Conclusion: into the eleventh century, ibid., pp. 245-9.

54. 'Politics', in The Short Oxford History of Europe: The Early Middle Ages , ed. R.McKitterick (Oxford, 2001), pp. 21-56.

55. 'Kulturische Verbindungen zwischen England und das Fränkischen Reiche imFrühmittelalter: Zusammenhängen und Verwickelungen', in Deutschland und der westen Europas im Mittelalter. I Spätantike und Frühmittelalter, ed. J. Ehlers, Vorträge undForschungen 56 (Stuttgart, 2002), pp. 121-148.

56 (a) 'Ottonische Kultur und Bildung', in Otto der Grosse, Magdeburg und Europa , IEssays, ed. M. Puhle (Mainz, 2001), pp. 209-224

(b) Exhibition catalogue entry for  Cambridge, Trinity College Library MS B.17.1,  a ninth-century  bilingual (Greek and Latin) copy of the Epistles of St Paul, ibid., IIKatalog, pp. 461-2.

57. 'Europe and the Carolingian inheritance' in The Future of the Past, ed. P. Martland (London, 2002) pp. 16-35.

58 'Die Anfänge des karolingischen Königtums und die Annales regni francorum(revised German version of article no. 106) in Integration und Herrschaft. EthnischeIdentituaten und soziale organisation im frühmittelalter ed. W. Pohl and M. Diesenberger(Vienna, 2002), pp. 151-168.

59 'Paolo Diacono e i Franchi: contesto storico e culturale' ( earlier Italian version ofarticle no. 107) in Paolo Diacono. Uno scrittore fra tradizione Longobarda e rinnovamento carolingio, ed. P. Chiesa (Udine, 2000), pp. 2-27.

60 'The Rorigo Bible in its ninth-century context' in L. Gatto and P. Supino Martini (eds), Studi sulle societá e le culture del medioevo per Girolamo Arnaldi (Rome, 2002), pp. 409-422.

61 'Palaeography, diplomatic and codicology: the last fifty years', Omaggio almedioevo, ed. E. Menesto ,Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo.(Spoleto, 2004), pp. 179-210

62 27 Spreads in The Times Atlas of the Medieval World, ed. R.McKitterick (approx.16,000 words plus captions for maps and illustrations)

(i) 1. Introduction

(ii) 2. Continuities and discontinuities

(iii) 3. Medieval perceptions of the world

(iv) 4. The world in c.700

(v) 5. The successor states to Rome

(vi)  7. The rise of the Carolingians

(vii)  8 Italy and the Lombards

(viii)  9. The empire of Charlemagne and his successors

(ix)  10. Carolingian administration

(x) 11. The church in Europe

(xi) 12. Carolingian culture

(xii)  14. Anglo-Saxon kingdoms to 1000

(xiii)  15. The kingdoms of Scotland, Wales and Ireland

(xiv)  16. The Vikings at home and abroad

(xv)  25. Religion and missionaries: the expansion of Christianity

(xvi)  26. Towns and trade to 1000

(xvii)  27. Buildings and power

(xviii)  28. The world in  c.1000

(xix) 29. Law and the judicial process

(xx)  30. Languages of medieval Europe

(xxi) 31. Networks of communication

(xxii) 40.. Schools and universities in Europe

(xxiii) 44. Kievan Rus

(xxiv) 57.. Russia and the rise of Muscovy  

(xxiii)  77. Science and humanism

(xxiv) 80. Music

(xxv) 81. The world in 1500

63. 'The scripts of the Bobbio Missal' in The Bobbio Missal, ed. Y. Hen (ed.) and R. Meens (Cambridge, 2003), pp. 19-52

64. 'The writing and copying of history in Carolingian monasteries: the example ofLorsch', in Le scritture dai monasteri nel alto medioevo, ed. Flavia de Rubeis, Acta Instituti Romani Finlandiae (Rome, 2003), pp. 157-177

65. 'Geschichte und Gedächtnis im frühmittelalterliche Bayern: Virgil, Arn und der Liber Vitae von St Peter zu Salzburg', in A. Scharer und M. Niederkorn-Bruck, Arn Bischof/Erzbischof von Salzburg 784/798-821 (Vienna, 2004), pp. 68-80

66. 'Takamiya MS 58 and the transmission of Jerome's Epistle 106 in the early middle ages', in The medieval book and a modern collector: essays in honour of Toshiyuki Takamiya ed. T. Matsuda and R. Linenthal (Woodbridge, 2004) , pp. 3-18

67. 'Charlemagne and Carolingian Culture' in Charlemagne. Empire and society, ed. J.Story (Manchester University Press 2005), pp. 151-166

68. 'Akkulturation and the writing of history in the early middle ages', in Akkulturation zwischen Germanen und Römer im Frühmittelalter , ed. in J. Jarnut and W. Haubrichs(Berlin, 2005), pp. 381-395

69.  'The coming of Christianity' in Cambridge illuminations. Ten centuries of book production in the medieval West, Exhibition catalogue 2005, ed. Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London and Turnhout, 2005) pp. 39-45

70.  'History and literature' (with Paul Binski) in Cambridge illuminations, (as for no. 69) pp. 235-249

71.  17 catalogue entries, Cambridge illuminations (London and Turnhout, 2005) (as for no. 69), as follows:

(i) 1 The Gospels of  St Augustine of Canterbury, Corpus Christi College MS 286, pp. 46-47

(ii) 2 Gospels of St Luke and St John, Corpus Christi College MS 197B, pp 48-49

(iii) 3 Bede, historia ecclesiastica gentis anglorum, Cambridge University Library, MS Kk.5.16 , pp. 50-51

(iv) 4 The Book of Cerne, Cambridge University Library, MS Ll.1.10, pp. 52-53

(v) 5 Hraban Maur, Super Epistolas Pauli libri XIX, Pembroke College MS 308, pp. 53-54

(vi) 6 Hraban Maur, Opus in honorem sanctae crucis, Trinity College MS B.16.3, pp.54-56

(vii) 7 Epistle Lectionary, Fitzwilliam Museum MS McClean 30, pp. 56-57

(viii) 8 Gospels, Fitzwilliam Musuem MS McClean 20, pp. 58-59

(ix) 11 Prudentius, Psychomachia, Corpus Christi College MS 23, part 1, pp. 62-63

(x) 12 Arator, De actibus apostolorum, Trinity College MS B.14.3, pp. 64-65

(xi) 13 Aelfric., Homilies, Trinity College MS B.15.34, pp. 65-6

(xii) 14 Anglo-Saxon Homilies, Corpus Christi College MS 421, pp. 66-67

(xiii)  15 Psalter of Count Achadeus, Corpus Christi College MS 272, pp. 68-69

(xiv) 16 Psalter and Canticles (the Southampton Psalter) St John's College MS C.9, pp. 69-70

(xv) 107 Imperial chronicle: Corpus Christi College MS 373), pp. 241-2

(xvi) 120 Valerius Maximus, Factorum ac dictorum memorabilium Libri IX, TrinityCollege MS O.4.45, pp. 261-262

(xvii) 169 William Caxton, Moralised Ovid, Magdalene College Old Library MS F.4.34(Books I-IX)  and Pepys MS 2134 (Books X-XV), pp. 351-353

72.  4 catalogue entries for  Krone und Schleier: Kunst aus mittelalterlichen Frauenklöstern Austellung Essen ed. J. Gerchow and S. Marti, (Essen, 2005), as follows:

(i) 96 Jesaja-Kommentar des Hieronymus aus S. Salvatore/S. Giulia, Brescia, Biblioteca Civica Queriniana, Brescia, MS A.III.14, pp. 235-6

(ii) 100 Handschrift mit Senecas ..Epistolae ad Lucilium<< au der Abtei S. Salvatore/S. Giulia, Brescia, Biblioteca Civica Queriniana, Brescia MS B.II.6, p. 237

(iii) 104 Handschrift mit den Briefen des Kieronymus aus der Abtei Cheles, Halle, Universitäts -und Landesbibliothek, Qu. Cod. 74, pp. 238-239

(iv) 105 Handschrift mit den >>Enarrationes in psalmos<< des Augustinus aus Chelles, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin -Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Handschriftenabteilung MS Phillipps 1657, pp. 239-240

73.  'Perceptions of the history of the church in the early middle ages: the role of texts', in Reading images and texts: Medieval images and texts as forms of communication,ed. M. Hagemann and M. Mostert , Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy, Utrecht 2005, pp. 207-220

74.  ‘Histoire et mémoire de la crise d'une élite carolingienne: l'année 785 et les annales regni francorum', in F. Bougard, L. Feller and R. LeJan (eds), Les au haut moyen âge,Crises et renouvellments, Collection de l'école française de Rome, Rome 2006), pp. 267­-282.

75.  'Insulare Schrift', in P. Erhart (ed), Mensch und Schrift im frühen mittelalter. Austellungskatalog St Gallen (St Gallen, 2006), pp. 89-96. 

76.   ‘Palimpsests: concluding remarks', in Palimpsests in the early middle ages, ed. G.Declercq (Turnhout, 2007), pp. 145-151. 

77.  'The migration of ideas in the early middle ages: ways and means', in R. Bremmer, K. Dekkers and P. Lendinara (eds), Storehouses of wholesome learning:accumulationand dissemination of encyclopaedic knowledge in the early middle ages , MediaevaliaGroningana (Leuven, Paris and Stirling, 2007), pp. 1-17.

78.  ‘Charlemagne’s missi and their books’, in S. Baxter, C. Karkov, J. Nelson and D.Pelteret (eds), Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald (Studies in earlymedieval Britain, Aldershot, 2009), pp. 253-68.

79.  'The impact of Antiquity', in A. Erskine, The Blackwell Companion to Antiquity(Oxford, 2009) pp. 545-554.

80. ‘Unity and diversity in Carolingian charter practice’, in P. Erhart,  K. Heidecker and B. Zeller (eds), Die Privaturkunden der Karolingerzeit (St Gallen, 2009), pp. 85-94.

81.  ‘La place du Liber Pontificalis dans les genres historiographiques du haut moyen âge’, in M. Sot (ed.), Liber, gesta., histoire. Écrire l’histoire des évêques et des papes del’antiquité au XXe siècle (Turnhout, 2009), pp. 23-36.

82. ‘Introduction’, in F. Bougard, R. Le Jan and R. McKitterick  (eds), La Culture duhaut moyen Âge: une question d’élites, Collection Haut Moyen Âge 7 Brepols, Turnhout, 2009), pp. 5-9

83.'A landmark figure in the history of German? : Charlemagne, language and literacy', in Landmarks in the History of the German Language , ed. N. Langer, G. Horan and S. Watts (Oxford, Bern, Brussels, Frankfurt, NewYork and Vienna)  2009) pp. 11-34

84.'Les perceptions carolingiens de Rome', in Y. Sassier and W. Falkowski, Le mondecarolingien (Turnhout, 2009) pp. 85-105

85.‘Court and communication in the early middle ages: the Frankish kingdom under Charlemagne’, in W. Pohl and V.Wieser (eds), Der frühmittelalterliche Staat – Europäische Perspektiven (Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 16, Denkschriften des Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften 386 (Vienna 2009), pp 357-68.

86.  'Entstehung und Gestaltung fränkischer Annalen im Spiegel der Lorscher Annalen', in R. Corradini, M. Diesenberger and M. Niederkorn-Bruck (eds), Zwischen Niederschrift und Wiederschrift. Frühmittelalterliche Hagiographie und Historiographie imSpannungsfeld von Kompendienüberleiferung und Editionstechnik , Forschungen zurGeschichte des Mittelalters 18, Denkschriften des Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften 405 (Vienna, 2010) pp. 107-113.

87. ‘Conclusion’ in R.McKitterick, R. Corradini, M. Gillis and I. van Renswoude eds, Ego Trouble: Authors and their identities in the early middle ages, Forschungen zurGeschichte des Mittelalters, Denkschriften des Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Vienna 2010), pp. 271-3.

88. ‘Bücher des Lebens. Geschichte und memoria im Frühmittelalter/History and memory in the early middle ages (in German and English) in P. Erhart (ed.), Libri vitae – Christliches Totendedanken zwischen Mittelalter und Moderne (St Gallen, 2010)pp. 13-30.

89.'Quel gouvernement pour l'Eglise et le monde? (VIIe -début XIe siècle) in Histoire générale du christianisme 1 Des origines au XVe siècle. ed. J.-R. Armogathe, P. Montaubin and M.-Y.Perrin (Paris, 2010), pp. 794-807.

90.  'Les tentatives d'unification carolingiennes', in J.-R. Armogathe, P. Montaubin and M.-Y.Perrin (eds), Histoire générale du christianisme 1 Des origines au XVe siècle,(Paris, 2010), pp. 808-826.

91. ‘Carolingian historiography’, in M. Becher and Y. Hen (eds), Wilhelm Levison (1876­1947) – Ein jüdisches Forscherleben zwischen wissenschaftlicher Anerkennung und politischem Exil (Bonn, 2010), pp. 93-112.

92. ‘Roman texts and Roman history in the early middle ages’, in C. Bolgia , R. McKitterick and J. Osborne (eds,) Rome across time and space: Cultural transmission and the exchange of ideas c. 400-1400 (Cambridge 2011), pp. 19-34; German version: ‘Die Überlieferung eines bestimmten Bildes der Stadt Rom im frühen Mittelalter: der Liber Pontificalis’, in Gedenkschrift Josef Semmler, ed. H. Finger (Cologne, 2012).

93.  ‘A king on the move: the place of an itinerant court in Charlemagne’s government’, in J. Duindam and M. Kunt (eds), Royal courts in dynastic states and empires: a globalperspective (Leiden, 2011).

94. 'Exchanges between the British Isles and the Continent, c. 450-c. 900', in R. Gameson (ed.) The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain I c.600 -c. 1100 ( Cambridge, 2011), pp. 313-337.

95. ‘Un historien et son haut moyen âge’ in Écrire d’histoire, ed. M.-C. Isaia (Paris, 2012), pp. 11-31.

96.  ‘Migrations and the written word in the early middle ages’, in Europa im Geflecht der Welt. Mittelalterliche Migrationen in globalen Bezügen, ed . Michael Borgolte, JuliaDücker, Marcel Mülerberg, Paul Predatsch and Bernd Schneidmüller, (Berlin,: Akademie Verlag, 2012), pp. 71-85. 

97. ‘Werden 8-9 Jht. im Spiegel seiner Handschriften’ in S. Patzold, A. Rathmann-Lutz amd Volker Scior (eds), Geschichtsvorstellungen. Bilder, Texte und Begriffe aus dem Mittelalter (Böhlau Verlag. Vienna, Cologne und Weimar, 2012), pp. 326-53.

98. ‘The representation of Old St Peter’s basilica in the Liber pontificalis’, inR.McKitterick, J. Osborn, C. Richardson and J. Story eds, Old St Peter’s, British Schoolat Rome Monograph Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), pp. 95-118.

99. ‘Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 334 and its implications: a source for Paul the Deacon’s Homiliary’, in M. Diesenberger, Y. Hen and M. Pollheimer and Y. Hen (eds) , Sermo doctorum. Compilers, preachers and their audiences in the eraly medievalWest (Turnhout, 2013)

100.  ‘Posterité et transmissions des oeuvres historiographiques carolingiennes dans les manuscripts des mondes normands’, in Pierre Bauduin and Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel eds, L’historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Caen 2013).

101. ‘Reading Roman history in the early middle ages’, in S. Stofferahn and C. Chandler (eds), Discovery and distinction in the early middle ages: Studies in Honor of John J.Contreni, Medieval Institute Publications (Kalamazoo, Michigan, 2013), pp. 3-21.

102. ‘Music, identity and community in the Frankish realms in the eighth and ninth centuries: the Musica Enchiriadis and its implications’, in Frank Hentschel ed., Gentes,Nationes und die Musik im Mittelalter (Leiden, 2013), pp. 33-52

103.  ‘Rome and the popes in the construction of institutional history and identity in the early middle ages: the case of Leiden Universiteitsbibliotheek Scaliger MS 49’, in O. Phelan and V. Carver (eds), Rome and religion in the medieval world: studies in honor ofThomas F.X. Noble (Aldershot, 2014), pp. 207-34.

104.  ‘Bildung und Bücher am Hofe Karls des Grossen’, in Karl der Grosse/Charlemagne. Orte der Macht Essays, ed. F. Pohle (Aachen 2014), pp. 286-95.
105. ‘Transformations of the Roman past and Roman identity in the early middle ages’, in C. Gantner, R. McKitterick and S. Meeder (eds), The resources of the past in the early middle ages (Cambridge, 2015), pp. 225-44.

106. ‘Glossaries and their functions in the early middle ages: the example of BAV lat. 6018’ in L. Jégou, S. Joye, T. Lienhard and J. Schneider (eds), Faire Lien. Aristocratie. Réseaux et échanges compétitifs. Mélanges en honneur de Régine Le Jan (Paris, 2015), pp. 307-14.

107.  ‘The Strasbourg oaths (842) and their implications in the light of recent scholarship’, in Jörg Sonntag and Coralie Zermatten (eds), Loyalty in the middle ages: ideal and practice of a cross-social value, Brepols Collected Essays in European Culture 5 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015)

Book chapters in the press/with editors

108.  ‘The work of the scribes in the Prague Sacramentary’, in M. Diesenberger, Y. Hen, R. Meens and E. Rose (eds), The Prague Sacramentary (Turnhout, Brepols 2015).
(with Graeme Ward) 

109. ‘Knowledge of the history of the Jews in the Carolingian empire’ in Barbarians and Jews, Diasporas ed. Y. Hen, Ora Limor, T.F.X. Noble (Turnhout: Brepols)

110. ‘Charlemagne, the Carolingian empire, and its successors’, in The Oxford World History of Empire. ed. P.F. Bang,  C. A. Bayly and W. Scheidel

111.  ‘History, memory and ideas about the past in the early middle ages’, in Flocel Sabaté, Proceedings of the International medieval Meeting Lleida 2011 (Turnhout Brepols)

112. ‘Carolingian libraries’ in A. Sanchez ed. Medieval libraries (Madrid)

113. ‘Romanness and Rome in the early middle ages’, in W. Pohl, C. Gantner, C. Grifoni and M. Pollheimer (eds), Transformations of Romanness in the early middle ages: regions and identities (Berlin: De Gruyter)

114. Charlemagne, Rome and the management of sacred space’, in R. Große (ed), Charlemagne: les temps, les espaces, les hommes. Construction et déconstruction,Turnhout: Brepols

115. ‘Ancient history at Carolingian Tours’, in Maximilian Diesenberger and Bernhard Zeller (eds), Neue Wege der Frühmittelalterforschung, Forschungen zur Geschichte desMittelalters 21 (Vienna, 2015/16)

116. ‘Liturgy and history in the early middle ages’ in Margot Fassler, Katrie Bugyis and Andrew Kraebel (eds), Music, Liturgy, and the shaping of History (800-1500) (York: York University Press, 2015/16)

117.  ‘Media Francia: Introduction’, in Marina Vicelja (ed.), Francia Media: Crades of European Culture (Rijeka, 2015/16)

118. ‘The damnatio memoriae of Pope Constantine II (767-768)’, in Ross Balzoretti, Julia Barrow and Patricia Skinner (eds), Italy and Medieval Europe: Papers for Chris Wickham on the occasion of hgis 65th birthday (Oxford: Past and Present Supplementary series, 2016)

B: Articles in Periodicals

1.  'The Frankish Penitentials', Studies in Church History 11 (Oxford, 1975), pp. 31-39.

*2 'A ninth-century schoolbook from the Loire valley: Phillipps 16308', Scriptorium 30 (1976), pp. 225-231.

*3.  'Charles the Bald (823-877) and his library:  the patronage of learning', EnglishHistorical Review 95 (1980), pp. 29-47.

*4.  'Town and monastery in the Carolingian period', Studies in Church History 16 (Oxford, 1979), pp. 93-102.

*5.  'The study of Frankish history in France and Germany in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries', Francia 8 (1981), pp. 556-572.

6.  'Discussione sulla lezione Pratesi', Nascita dell'Europa ed Europa Carolingia: Un equazione da verificare. Settimane de Studio del centro Italiano di Studi sull'alto Medioevo 27 (Spoleto, 1981), pp. 450-456.

*7 'Knowledge of canon law in the Frankish kingdoms before 789: the manuscript evidence', Journal of Theological Studies n.s.36.1 (1985), pp. 97-117.

8.  'Charles the Bald and the image of kingship in the early middle ages', History Today38, June 1988, pp. 29-36.

9.  'Odczytywanie sredniowiecza -rozmowa z Rosamond McKitterick' (Interview/article in Polish, translated by Janina Rozicka), Nowe Ksiazki 6 (Warsaw,1989)   pp. 26-30.

*10.  'The Anglo-Saxon missionaries in Germany: reflections on the manuscript evidence', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 9 (1989), pp. 291­-329.

*11 'Carolingian book production: some problems', The Library Sixth series, 12, no.1(1990), pp.1-33.

*12. 'Carolingian uncial: a context for the Lothar Psalter', The British Library Journal16 (1990), pp. 1-15.

*13.  'Women in the Ottonian church; an iconographic perspective' in Women in the Church ed. D.Wood, Studies in Church History 27 (1990), pp. 79-100.

14.  'Early mediaeval book production and the problem of female literacy, Theoretische Geschiedenis 19 (1992), pp. 147-168.

*15.     'Nuns' scriptoria in England and Francia in the early middle ages',  Francia 19/1 (1992), pp. 1-35.

*16.  'Ottonian intellectual culture in the tenth century and the role of Theophanu', EarlyMedieval Europe 2 (1993), pp.53-74                           

Reprinted in The Empress Theophano. Byzantium and the West at the turn of the first millenium , ed. A.Davids (Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 169-193

17 'Zur Herstellung von Kapitularien: Die Arbeit des Leges-Skriptoriums', Mitteilungendes Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung 101 (Vienna,1993)  pp. 1-14                                                                                             

18.  'Mondelinge overlevering en geletterdheid in de vroege middeleeuwen: definities en problemen', Millennium. Tijdschrift voor Middeleeuwse studies 6 (1992), pp.17-39.                                                                 

19.  'Le role culturel des monastères dans les royaumes carolingiens du VIIIe au Xe siècle, Revue Bénédictine (1993)  pp. 111-124.

20.  'Working in major manuscript collections: some observations', Gazette du Livre Médiévale 22 (1993), pp. 1-7.

21. 'The teaching of palaeography in Great Britiain', Gazette du livre médiéval 26 (1995), pp. 36-41.

22.  'Essai sur les representations de l'écrit dans les manuscrits carolingiens', Revue française d'histoire du livre (1995) pp.37-64 reprinted in F. Dupuigrenet-Desroussilles (ed.)La Symbolique du livre dans l'art occidental (Paris and Bordeaux 1995), pp. 37-61

23.  'Unity and diversity in the Carolingian church' in Unity and Diversity in the Church,Studies in Church History 32 (1996), pp. 59-82

24. [Review article] 'Paul Edward Dutton, The Politics of Dreaming in the Carolingian Empire', Nottingham Medieval Studies 40 (1996), pp. 180-3

25.  'Constructing the past in the early middle ages: the case of the Royal Frankish Annals', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society , sixth series, 7 (1997), pp. 101-129.

26. 'The illusion of royal power in the Carolingian annals', English Historical Review115 (2000) pp. 1-20.

27.  'Paul the Deacon and the Franks', Early Medieval Europe 9 (2000), pp. 1-21.

28.   [review article] 'Kenneth Levy's Gregorian Chant and the Carolingians ', in EarlyMusic History 19 (2000), pp. 279-91.

29. 'Social memory, commemoration and the book', in Reading and the book in theMiddle Ages, ed. S.J. Ridyard, Sewanee Medieval Studies 2001, pp. 5-26.

30. 'Reading history at St Amand in the ninth and tenth centuries', Reading and the bookin the Middle Ages, ed. S.J. Ridyard,Sewanee Medieval Studies 2001, pp. 28-46.

31.  'Histoire et mémoire dans le monde carolingien, IXe et Xe siècles', CEM 6 (Centred'Etudes médiévales, Auxerre) Etudes & Travaux 2001-2002 (Auxerre, 2002), pp. 33-56.

32. 'The Carolingian Church and the Book', in The Church and the Book, ed. R.Swanson, Studies in Church History 37 (2003), pp. 46-73

33. ‘History, law and communication with the past in the Carolingian period’, in Comunicare e significare nell’alto medioevo, Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull’alto medioevo 52 (Spoleto, 2005) pp. 941-980

34. ‘Perceptions of the past in the early middle ages’, in Historically Speaking 8 (2007), pp. 8-9.

35.  ‘The uses of literacy in Carolingian and post-Carolingian Europe: literate conventions of memory’, in Scrivere e leggere nel alto medioevo, Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull’alto medioevo 59 (Spoleto, 2012), 179-212.

36. ‘The scripts of the Prague Sacramentary, Archivo O 83’, Early Medieval Europe 20 (2012), pp. 407-427.

37 ‘Narrative strategies in the Liber Pontificalis: the case of St Paul, doctor mundi,doctor gentium, and San Paolo fuori le mura’, Rivista di storia cristianesimo 2013, pp. 115-30.

38.  A Carolingian manuscript fragment from the ninth century in Amsterdam University Library, used as the binding for I.E.22 (with Nicholas Pickwoad), Quaerendo 43 (2013), pp. 185-213.

39 ‘Le pouvoir des mots : les glossaires, la mémoire culturelle et la transmission du savoir au Haut Moyen Âge’, Les Cahiers columbaniens 2103, ed. Pierre Riché (2014), pp. 16-58.

40. ‘The pleasures of the past: history and identity in the early middle ages’, EarlyMedieval Europe (2014).

In preparation for publication:

‘A Carolingian Epitome of Orosius from Tours, Leiden UB VLQ 20’ Historiographies of Identity Volume 4: Historiography and Identity Towards the End of the First Millennium

– A Comparative Perspective, ed. Helmut Reimitz, Rutger Kramer and Graeme Ward (Forthcoming) Vienna, Österreichische Akademischer Wissenschaften, Frühmittelalterliche Forschungen.

‘Canon law and historical dossiers in the early middle ages: a context for the Collectio Avellana’, in A. Evers ed., The Collectio Avellana (Rome).

‘The Liber pontificalis in the seventh and eighth centuries’.


To date, 157 book reviews (varying in length from half a page to six pages, of books, edited texts and collected papers in: English Historical Review, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Journal of Theological Studies, Times Literary Supplement, The Book Collector, The Library, Francia, Early Medieval Europe, History Today, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte, Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire, Journal of Roman Studies,Religion, French History, American Historical Review, The Catholic Historical Review,The History of European Ideas, Bulletin of international Medieval Research,Mitteilungen des Instituts für Oesterreichische Geschichtsforschung, Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters. Revue Mabillon, The New York Times, The EveningStandard, The Art Newspaper;Editionen in der Kritk.