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Dr Xuesheng You

Dr Xuesheng You

Research Associate

Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure


I was trained to be an economist first in Manchester, graduating with a first class Bachelor Degree of Economic Science, then an MPhil in Economics (research) from Cambridge.

I submitted my doctoral dissertation Women's Employment in England and Wales, 1851-1911 to the Faculty of History, Cambridge in September, 2014. It was awarded the best dissertation in economic history by the Faculty of History.

My principal research interest is the economic history and applied economics of labour, transport and urbanization in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain.

My research deals with Big Data: 160 million individual census records and locations of all historic transport modes. As such, I use various methods in Digital Humanities such as data science, task automation, spatial data analysis and network analysis with a wide range of software packages such as Python, SQL, GIS, R and Stata.

My hobbies include street photography, cooking, poker (not the online type), and religiously following FC Internazionale Milano.


Research Interests

  • Family, gender and work in England and Wales in the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Transport and urbanization
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Digital Humanities
  • Computational methods in history


Part I Paper 10, British economic and social history 1700-1914


  • Economic, Social History

Key Publications

  • You, X., 'Women's labour force participation in nineteenth-century England and Wales: evidence from the 1881 Census Enumerators' Books', Economic History Review, (Forthcoming)
  • You, X., 'Working with husband? 'Occupation's wife' and married women's employment in the censuses in England and Wales between 1851 and 1911', Social Science History, (Forthcoming)
  • Bogart, D. and You, X. et al, 'Railways, Endowments, and Population Change in Nineteenth-Century England and Wales', Journal of Urban Economics, (Under review)

Other Publications

  • EconomiesPast -- An interactive online atlas showing the occupational structure for different demographic groups across England and Wales from 1600 to 2011.