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Dr Timothy Twining

Junior Research Fellow

Research Interests

The main focus of my research is the intellectual history of early modern Europe, and especially the history of biblical criticism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Additional areas of research include: the material, confessional, and intellectual history of the Republic of Letters; the relationship between Jewish and Christian scholars and traditions of scholarship; the history of historiography; and the history of censorship.


I currently teach a range of subjects within the Historical Tripos, including papers on early modern history, the history of political thought, and historical argument and practice (HAP). I also teach the Part 1 Themes and Sources Paper 'Sacred Histories' (Option VIII).


  • Early Modern History

Key Publications

'Richard Simon and the Remaking of Seventeenth-Century Biblical Criticism', Erudition and the Republic of Letters 3 (2018), 421-487.

'Publishing a prohibited criticism: Richard Simon, Pierre Bayle, and erudition in late seventeenth-century intellectual culture', (forthcoming, 2020).

Monograph: Scripture, Scholarship, and History. Richard Simon and the Seventeenth-Century Transformation of the Old Testament (in preparation).