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Dr Timothy Twining

Junior Research Fellow

Research Interests

The intellectual, cultural, and religious history of early modern Europe from the Reformation to the eighteenth century, especially including: the history of biblical scholarship, theological controversy, and confessional identity; the relationship between Jewish and Christian scholars and traditions of learning; the material, confessional, and intellectual history of the 'Republic of Letters'; and the history of censorship. Two current book projects are a history of post-Reformation Old Testament scholarship, and a study of the intellectual world of late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century Rome.


I currently teach a range of subjects within the Historical Tripos, including papers on early modern history, the history of political thought, and historical argument and practice (HAP). I also teach the Part 1 Themes and Sources Paper 'Sacred Histories' (Option VIII).


  • Early Modern History

Key Publications

'Richard Simon and the Remaking of Seventeenth-Century Biblical Criticism', Erudition and the Republic of Letters 3 (2018), 421-487.

'The Early Modern Debate over the Age of the Hebrew Vowel Points: Biblical Criticism and Hebrew Scholarship in the Confessional Republic of Letters', Journal of the History of Ideas (forthcoming, 2019/20).

'Publishing a prohibited criticism: Richard Simon, Pierre Bayle, and erudition in late seventeenth-century intellectual culture', (forthcoming).

Monograph: The Limits of Erudition: Criticism, Censorship, and the Old Testament in Post-Reformation Europe (in preparation).